I will in this article introduce you the city of Rome, Italy, in Europe.
Have you ever been in Roma? If not, it is a big mistake!
Rome (capital of Italy since 1871) is located in the center-west of the Italian peninsula, and was also the capital of the Roman Empire for several centuries. In 2014, it had 2,869,461 inhabitants located on 1,285 km², making it the most populated municipality in Italy. It has the particularity of containing a state enclosed in its territory: the Vatican City (Città del Vaticano), of which the Pope is the sovereign.
Rome is twinned with only one other city, Paris, which is true in the other direction, with this slogan: « Only Rome is worthy of Paris, only Paris is worthy of Rome ».
The Vatican Museums and the Colosseum are among the most visited sites. Rome is also one of the largest archaeological sites in the world, with many bridges and fountains, 900 churches, as well as a large number of museums and universities.
There would be a lot of things to tell and photos to post about this article about Rome, so I will try to post you the essentials and make you rediscover places very tourist, but also to make you discover places unknown Of the general public but equally charming.
I will introduce you first Piazza Navona, the largest tourist place in Rome. It is built on the ruins of the Domitian stadium of the 1st century, of which it preserves the exact form.
Here are some pictures of famous monuments: Pantheon, Basilica di Santa Maria sopra Minerva, Mausoleo Di Santa Costanza, Coppedè district, Villa Medici with its gardens and Villa Borghese.
The Trevi Fountain is one of the most famous sights in Rome. Its baroque style and the fact that it plays at the same time on the architecture, the sculpture and the sound make it an emblematic place of the city. You can see here pictures by day and by night.
I will now talk about the Vatican, a mythical place.
The Vatican is the territorial support of the Holy See enclaved in the Italian city of Rome. In 2014, it has 921 inhabitants on a total area of 0.44 km2, making it the smallest state in the world and the least populated.
The pope has absolute power (executive, legislative and judicial). The present Pope is Francois: Jorge Mario Bergoglio, born on December 17, 1936 (79 years old), Pope of the Catholic Church under the name of François, since his election on March 13, 2013.
In order to respect the places of worship that are visited, it is requested not to wear flip-flops, shorts, skirts stopping over the knees or sleeveless or inadequate clothes instead. It is therefore necessary to provide a scarf or a pareo to cover when requested.
We can also visit St. Peter’s Basilica, the most important religious edifice of Catholicism. It was built where the first pilgrims came to worship Saint-Pierre, under the will of the Emperor Constantine, at the site of the circus of Nero. It is also possible to climb the 551 steps in the main dome to admire the panoramic view of the city of Rome and St. Peter’s Square (majestic with its 193 meters wide by 120 meters long).
It is also possible to visit the Vatican Museum, including the Sistine Chapel, one of the halls of the Pontifical palaces of the Vatican. It is here that, traditionally since the fifteenth century, the cardinals gathered in conclave elect the new pope. The Sistine Chapel owes its fame to its exceptional painted decoration: The Last Judgment, fresco painted by Michelangelo and inaugurated in 1541.
The Roman Forum is a Roman forum located in the most important archaeological site of Rome, between the hills of the Capitol and the Palatine Hill. This place is absolutely mythical.
Its historical, religious and political importance makes it the place around which the whole political life of the city is articulated. Celebration of marriages, organization of games, gladiatorial fights, ceremonies and religious festivals.
I have one last emblematic monument of the city of Rome to present to you in this article: The Colosseum.
It is the largest amphitheater ever built in the Roman Empire. Its construction began between 70 and 72, under the emperor Vespasian, and was finished in 80 under Titus.
It can accommodate between 50,000 and 75,000 spectators and has been used for fights of gladiators and other public shows. It has been in service for almost 500 years. Although it is now in a state of ruin because of the damage caused by earthquakes and the recovery of stones, the Coliseum is considered a symbol of Imperial Rome.
It is a city that I highly recommend you for the beauty of its monuments, the richness of its visits, its very pleasant climate and its romantic side.